Ph.D. Proposal Presentation by Sum Huan Ng
Tuesday, April 13, 2004

(Dr. Steven Danyluk, advisor)

"Investigation and Modeling of Fluid Pressures in Chemical Mechanical Polishing"

Abstract

Two-dimensional pressure mapping of the fluid pressure using membrane pressure sensors reveals a large, asymmetrical sub-ambient pressure region. This sub-ambient pressure is believed to be present during chemical mechanical polishing (CMP). A theory of the sub-ambient pressure phenomenon observed during the wet sliding of a disk on a polymeric pad will be presented. It is hypothesized that the phenomenon is a result of the tilt of the disk as a result of shear forces acting on it by the polymeric pad. Tilt measurements of the disk carried out by a capacitive sensing technique indicate that the disk is tilted in a certain way when the pad is rotating. The orientation of the disk changes with pad speed. A two-dimensional mixed-lubrication model based on the Reynolds equation will be developed using a finite differencing scheme. Preliminary theoretical results indicate that when the tilt angles in the experiments are used, the experimental pressure map can be re-created. In addition, some preliminary tilt experiments with actual CMP wafer carrier show similar results.